Anti TPO (Anti Mc-Ab)

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1200,00 rsd

Obrtno Vreme

1 day

Uzorkovanje

Blood Draw

Kategorija

Immunohemistry

The anti TPO (Anti Mc-Ab) antibody test is performed at IntroLab as a key assessment for thyroid gland conditions. This test is particularly important for individuals showing symptoms related to thyroid function, such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, or for those with an enlarged thyroid or nodules detected by ultrasound. It also aids in monitoring therapy for those diagnosed with thyroid disorders.

What are anti TPO antibodies?

Anti TPO (Anti microsomal antibodies) are antibodies produced by the immune system that target thyroperoxidase, an enzyme essential for thyroid hormone production. These antibodies are present in autoimmune thyroid diseases like Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves’ disease. Measuring Anti TPO antibody levels is diagnostically significant and helps monitor disease activity and treatment efficacy. High levels of these antibodies indicate an autoimmune reaction and can be associated with thyroid gland damage.

When is the anti TPO (Anti Mc-Ab) test performed?

The Anti TPO (Anti microsomal antibodies) test is usually conducted under specific circumstances that indicate a potential thyroid disorder.

  • Symptoms of thyroid disorders: If you exhibit symptoms associated with hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels) or hyperthyroidism (high thyroid hormone levels), such as fatigue, weight loss, mood changes, appetite changes, or heart function changes, your doctor may recommend an Anti TPO antibody test.
  • Enlarged thyroid or thyroid nodules: If an ultrasound examination reveals an enlarged thyroid (goiter) or the presence of nodules, an Anti TPO antibody test can help determine if these changes are caused by an autoimmune process.
  • Monitoring thyroid therapy: For individuals with a diagnosed thyroid disorder, the anti TPO antibody test can be used to monitor disease activity and the effectiveness of treatment.

High and low levels of anti TPO (Anti Mc-Ab)

High levels of Anti TPO antibodies indicate the presence of an autoimmune process in the body, particularly affecting the thyroid gland. In Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, high levels of Anti TPO antibodies are common. This autoimmune disease causes the immune system to attack and damage the thyroid gland, leading to a gradual decrease in thyroid hormone production. High levels of Anti TPO antibodies can also be associated with Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder that results in excessive thyroid hormone production.

Low levels of anti TPO antibodies are typically normal in healthy individuals. However, in some patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases, low levels of Anti TPO antibodies may result from immune system suppression due to prolonged therapy or other factors. Low levels of these antibodies do not rule out the presence of an autoimmune process in the body. Therefore, it is essential to consider other factors and clinical symptoms when interpreting the results.

Specifics and subtypes of anti TPO (Anti Mc-Ab) test

There are different types of anti microsomal antibodies tests that provide information about the presence of autoimmune processes related to the thyroid gland. These include:

  • Quantitative analysis: Measures the exact levels of anti TPO antibodies in the blood, allowing for monitoring changes over time.
  • Qualitative analysis: Determines the presence or absence of anti TPO antibodies in the blood, providing an initial screening for autoimmune thyroid diseases.
  • Therapy monitoring: Regular measurement of anti TPO antibodies to assess the effectiveness of therapy and control the autoimmune process.
  • Additional information: Laboratories can offer additional parameters and tests, such as other antibodies associated with autoimmune thyroid diseases or more detailed antibody tests.

These specifics and subtypes of anti TPO antibody tests provide comprehensive information about autoimmune processes in the thyroid gland, aiding in diagnosis, therapy monitoring, and assessment of the patient’s condition.

Vrsta uzorka i vreme kada se uzima uzorak

Uzorak: Serum (Venous Blood)

Obrtno vreme: 1 day

Priprema: No specific preparation is required for the anti TPO (Anti Mc-Ab) test. It is recommended to have the blood sample taken some time after a meal to ensure accurate results.

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